Plants cannot make the grade to our tempo...

05. 05. 2015

Hosť Vedy v CENTRE doc. RNDr. Ján Kraic, PhD. On Thursday, 30th April 2015 at 05:00 PM, in the Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information of SR (SCSTI SR) took place another meeting of public and the personality in science and technology by coffee. The Science Cafés called the Science in the CENTRE are organized by the National Centre for the Popularisation of Science and Technology in Society a department of SCSTI SR.

The guest of April Science in the CENTRE was molecular biologist and well-known expert in plant biotechnology doc. RNDr. Ján Kraic, PhD. from The National Agricultural and Food Centre - Plant Production Research Institute in Piešťany. He is also a lecturer at The Faculty of Natural Sciences at the University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Trnava.

Doc. Ján Kraic has focused in his speech on theme Plants cannot make the grade to our tempo...  on the development of plants and civilization, domestication of plants, present and future of genetically modified plants, testing and other related issues. He talked about the reasons and ways of continuous improvement of properties of plants, the essence of a targeted and controlled gene transfer between organisms. He explained why we must improve properties of plants and what major breakthroughs have affected and speed up this process.

Veda v CENTRE 30-04-2015 doc. J. Kraic, Z. Hajdu

Since people live on planet Earth, we cannot live or survive without plants. The plants must be continuously improved (to breed) in line with the development of the population on Earth. Population growth is stronger than the capacity of the planet to feed it. Molecular tools substantially speeded up the process of improving the properties of plants. The evolutionary development of plants is not enough to the rapid pace of increase in human population and nor their growing demands for food and raw materials of course.

doc Ján Kraic vo Vede v CENTRE 30-04-2015

Domestication of plants is used for 12,000 years. Man deliberately picked some genes, others were eliminated. Many genes were almost completely eliminated and other were accumulated - especially genes reducing the viability of plant in nature. Genetically modified plants (GMPs) are for decades the real part of life, environment and production (food, feed, pharmaceuticals, materials, products, services). They are an effective factor for innovation in agriculture. They change the management of plant cultivation in crop production. Their cultivation and also production are regulated and controlled. There have been set the principles of coexistence in agriculture.

Veda v CENTRE 30-04-2015

They change economic importance of plants and agriculture. They are the subject of a political and economic tool, more than the theme of scientific discussion. There's a strange attitude to the EU in particular GMPs. Topics and issues related to GMPs: Impact on consumer health? Impact on environmental issues? Relation to climate change? Factor of sustainability of agriculture. The global impact on biodiversity? Horizontal Transfer (trans) genes? The economic efficiency of farming. Labelling of products made from GMPs - choice device. Ethical aspects (opinions of world religions). Monopolization of development of GMPs and patenting.

Zľava doc. Ján Kraic a prof. Ján Turňa vo Vede v CENTREAt the end, doc. Ján Kraic remembered the words of Norman E. Borlaug in an interview with the Houston Chronicle, published on July 13rd, 2008, entitled Genetic modification can feed the world: Research continues, progress has been made. Genetically modified organisms are a big step forward, the doubts that are surrounding them remain. Some people are afraid of genetic modification, which is not in place, because the genetic modification of plants and animals have been made for very long time. Before we called this activity a science, people have chosen the best progeny derived from crosses.

Among the participants in the Science in the CENTRE on theme Plants cannot make the grade to our tempo... was prof. RNDr. Ján Turňa, CSc., the managing director of SCSTI SR. The event was moderated by PhDr. Zuzana Hajdu.

Published by: PhDr. Marta Bartošovičová

Photos: Ing. Alena Oravcová

Translated by: LŠ

SCSTI, Popularization of Science and Technology

Natural sciences

J. Kraic: I devote at Present Again in Plant Biotechnology